Features
February 2018 Issue

Not all undesirable behavioral conduct in canines require practicing answers; every now and then, managing the canines setting is the easiest way to prevent dangerous habit.

What if I advised you that it is advisable reinforce your canine’s habit with out practicing him? That it is advisable save you him from doing lots of the behaviors that you simply don’t like – with none cues or treats or finding out curves?

Well, these items are utterly conceivable. You can accomplish those objectives via control – the artwork of controlling your canine’s setting to save you him from being bolstered for behaviors you don’t need. It’s a surprisingly treasured piece of any just right practicing or behavior-modification program. Whether you’re looking at a momentary or long-term control resolution, the easier you’re at it, the simpler it’s for you and your canine to be successful.

In truth, control is the right kind resolution to maximum questions which can be posed to skilled canine running shoes that start, “How do I stop my dog from . . . ” (fill on your canine’s favourite irrelevant habit right here). In many instances, control is essential whilst the canine learns a brand new, extra suitable habit. In others, control provides a easy long-term resolution or replaces unrealistic practicing expectancies.

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Jumping up, particularly when excited or greeting folks, is a habit that few canine house owners admire. There are numerous practicing strategies that may deal with this habit, yet it may be sooner and more practical to make use of control tactics that may save you the habit altogether.

Three Steps to Modifying a Dog’s Behavioral Habits

I be offering my purchasers a three-step formulation for reprogramming or fighting undesirable behaviors; control performs a large function within the formulation.

Step #1 – Rephrase the problem: Identify what you need the canine to do as an alternative of what you need him now not to do.

Step #2 – Manage: Figure out how to save you the canine from being rewarded for the undesirable habit, as a result of behaviors which can be rewarded are bolstered; in different phrases, the canine is much more likely to do them once more. If you’ll be able to save you the canine from being rewarded, he’s going to be much less most probably to do them once more. Believe it or now not, this step, the control section, is ceaselessly the very best step.

Step #Three – Train: Figure out how to constantly praise your canine for the required habit known in step one. This could also be the toughest section, yet it’ll be more uncomplicated to accomplish on account of your Step #2 efforts.

Here are some examples of ways you could use the three-step procedure for coping with a number of behaviors frequently cited by means of house owners as anxious and unwanted.

Examples of When Managing Your Dog is Better Than Training

“How do I stop my dog from jumping up?”

1-Rephrase: “How do I teach my dog to greet people politely, by sitting, or at least by keeping all four feet on the floor?”

2-Manage: Control your canine’s setting to save you her from being rewarded for leaping up on folks. You can use the next gear:

A leash or tether to restrain her as folks method; permit them to feed her a deal with and/or puppy her handiest after she sits.

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How to prevent a pet from chewing sneakers? Put away the sneakers!

Crate, pen, closed doorways, so when you’ll be able to’t intently supervise her interactions with guests, you’ll be able to confine her to a protected space so she will’t follow her jumping-up habit.

Education. Arm your guests with knowledge upfront in their first assembly with the canine so that they know the way to behave as it should be in reaction to her leaping up.

Exercise, as a result of drained canines generally tend to be better-behaved canines.

Three-Train: Consistently praise her for sitting when she greets folks. Use “negative punishment” (canine’s habit makes a just right factor move away) by means of turning away or stepping away when she tries to soar up. (See “Training Your Dog Not to Jump Up,” WDJ December 2009.)

“How do I stop my dog from going potty in the house?”

1-Rephrase: “How do I educate him to move to the toilet outdoor?

2-Manage: Prevent him from being rewarded for peeing at the carpet. A complete bladder reasons discomfort; urinating relieves that discomfort. Urinating at the carpet is extra rewarding for an un-housetrained canine than struggling the discomfort of “holding it” till he can move outdoor. Use the next gear:

Veterinary session. You will want a veterinarian to rule out any chance of a urinary tract an infection or gastrointestinal downside.

Frequent journeys outdoor (like, as soon as an hour). Take the canine outdoor so ceaselessly that his bladder/bowels are by no means complete to the purpose of discomfort (each hour at the hour, no less than in the beginning).

Crate, pen, or tether (use the latter handiest if you find yourself house). Use those gear all through the days when you’ll be able to’t supervise him intently sufficient to save you him from soiling the carpet while you’re now not paying consideration. Keeping his crate unsoiled is extra rewarding to maximum canines than relieving even a fairly complete bowel or bladder.

Close supervision. When your canine is in the home and now not in a crate, pen, or tether, you should concentrate to him. You want to be in a position to realize when he acts stressed (an indication that he has to do away with) and take him outdoor temporarily, sooner than he has an opportunity to relieve himself at the carpet.

Three-Train: Implement a complete housetraining program that comes with going outdoor with him often and rewarding him with reward and a deal with in an instant after he is going to the toilet in the best bathroom spot. (For extra about housetraining, see “How to Train Your Dog to Go to the Bathroom Outside,” WDJ June 2013.)

“How do I keep my dog from chewing up my shoes, books, furniture, etc.?”

1-Rephrase: “How do I get her to chew on her own things and only her own things?”

2-Manage: Prevent her from being rewarded for chewing on irrelevant items. Things like sneakers, books, and furnishings have a pleasing firm-but-giving texture that feels just right (is rewarding) to a canine’s enamel and gums, particularly to a pet or younger canine who’s teething. You have a large number of gear to be had for managing this habit:

Picking up and hanging away non-chew items when your canine is within the room.

Removing her from the room when non-chew items should be left inside of dog-reach (or hanging her in a crate or pen, or on a tether or leash if essential).

Supervising the canine intently and distracting her from irrelevant items with provides of suitable chunk pieces.

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Don’t give your canine a possibility to praise himself with meals!

Exercising her so much; drained canines generally tend to be well-behaved canines.

Three-Training: Provide her with impossible to resist items in particular for chewing, food-stuffed Kongs, and different protected pieces. If she is given the chance to chunk handiest appropriate pieces, she’s going to ultimately expand a robust desire for chewing on these items and your own possessions will likely be protected. (See “Dogs and Puppies Chew for a Number of Reasons,” August 2007.)

“How do I stop my dog from chasing joggers (or cats, bikes, livestock, or deer)?”

1-Rephrase: “How do I teach my dog to stay with or return to me in the presence of fast-moving objects?”

2-Manage: Don’t let her find a way to be rewarded for chasing. And don’t have unrealistic practicing expectancies; this is, don’t be expecting to be in a position to educate a canine who reveals “chase” very reinforcing to “not chase” within the absence of containment. This comprises lots of the herding breeds, terriers, hounds, and carrying breeds. With those canines particularly, use the ones control gear:

Fences – this is, cast bodily fences of enough top. These are nice gear for thwarting chasing behaviors.

Doors that stay your canine safely confined indoors excluding when immediately supervised can move far towards fighting rewards for chasing.

Leashes and lengthy strains are perfect for fighting chase rewards.

Exercise – on this case, on a leash or lengthy line, or in a securely fenced space. Tired canines generally tend to be well-behaved canines. Tired canines generally tend to have satisfied house owners.

Three-Train: Teach your canine an excessively dependable recall. Train her to drop to a down at a distance. Teach her a cast “Wait” cue that can pause her in mid-stride, even if she is in chase mode. (See “Training a Fast Reliable Recall,” September 2012.)

“How do I keep my dog from roaming?”

1-Rephrase: “How do I keep my dog safe at home?”

2-Manage: Use suitable bodily way to stay him safely confined at house and ensure he by no means studies and reaps the rewards of the “joy” of working unfastened locally.

I once in a while have doable purchasers name and inquire from me how to educate their canines to keep on their assets with no fence and with no human provide. This is an unrealistic practicing expectation, and I by no means settle for this sort of practicing project; I don’t imagine it may be performed safely and humanely. For maximum, if now not all canines, there are stimuli which can be sturdy sufficient to induce them to spoil throughout the surprise of an electrical fence collar easy boundary-training program. This is a case the place control gear are indispensible:

Solid bodily fences of enough top. (See “Installing Safe and Affordable Dog Fencing,” May 2009.)

Doors. Keep him safely confined indoors excluding when immediately supervised, to save you him from being rewarded for roaming.

Leashes and lengthy strains; bodily restraint gear are perfect for fighting roaming rewards. (Note: We don’t suggest tying or chaining a canine as a regimen way of outside confinement.)

Neutering. Lowering a canine’s testosterone stage can also be a good way of getting rid of one very sturdy motivation for roaming.

Exercise; drained canines generally tend to be well-behaved canines.

Three-Train: Teach your canine an excessively dependable recall. Train him to drop to a down at a distance. Teach him a cast “Wait” cue that can pause him in mid-stride, even if he’s in chase mode. And then by no means go away him outside by myself, unfenced, and unsupervised.

“How do I make my dog stop stealing food from the table, counter, or coffee table?”

1-Rephrase: “How do I get him to only eat things that are in his bowl or on the floor?”

Dogs are opportunistic eaters by means of their very nature. They are morally incapable of “stealing” meals. A canine within the wild who eats meals when and the place he reveals it’s good – and a lot more most probably to continue to exist than person who passes meals by means of simply because it occurs to be above eye stage.

2-Manage: Clearly, the meals that he reveals on counters tastes just right and could be very rewarding. Prevent him from being rewarded for counter-surfing by means of by no means leaving meals at the counter, or leaving your canine unsupervised in a room with meals on a desk (even for a minute).

Use the next control gear:

Closed doorways. If meals should be not noted, close the canine in some other room so he can’t have get admission to to it.

Cupboards. Put meals away! Never go away it out as a call for participation to counter-surf.

Crates, pens, leashes, and tethers; those are all affordable way of restraint to save you his get admission to to meals you don’t need him to have.

Exercise; drained canines generally tend to be well-behaved canines.

Three-Train: Teach him a good “Leave It!” or “Walk Away!” cue and constantly praise him for ignoring meals at the counter and for protecting all 4 toes at the flooring round food-laden counters and tables. Reinforce him generously for mendacity on his “mat” in meals spaces, so he learns to be offering his “mat” habit within the presence of meals. (See “5 Things to Do the Next Time Your Dog Grabs Your Stuff and Runs,” January 2011, and, “How to Teach Your Dog to Trade,” February 2017.)

We may just stay going, yet you will have to be getting the speculation by means of now. Any time you’re confronted with a habit problem, simply observe those 3 easy steps – rephrase, arrange, and educate – to design your motion plan for managing and/or editing the irrelevant habit.

Management Will Simplify Your Life

Then there are the ones instances the place it makes way more sense merely to arrange the surroundings to save you the habit from going down, with out making an investment time and effort into the educational finish.

My all-time favourite control tale used to be the Peaceable Paws consumer in Carmel, California, who requested me to educate his Australian Shepherd-mix to prevent consuming out of the bathroom.

I advised him that it will be a long way more uncomplicated to educate him (the supposedly extra clever species) to shut the bathroom lid or close the toilet door, than it will be to educate the canine now not to profit from a repeatedly recent water supply. “In fact,” I advised him, “your dog is probably trying to figure out how to train you to stop peeing in his water bowl!” This used to be a type of instances the place it made a lot more sense to put into effect a easy control method than to dissipate the power required to educate the required habit.

He were given the message. When I visited the home for our subsequent appointment, the toilet door used to be securely closed.

Criticism of the Behavior Management Method

Some dog-training pros discuss poorly of control. Far extra instances than I care to rely I’ve heard running shoes say, “Management always fails.” What they imply is, as only one instance, if you’re depending on child gates and doorways to stay your cat-chasing canine from scaring or hurting your aged cat, there’s a just right probability that, in the future, any person will fail to utterly shut a door or gate.

I flinch each time I pay attention this. In my global, control is a significantly vital piece of a a success practicing program and may also be key to a success long-term residing with dog habit demanding situations. There are many canines who’ve lifelong loving houses thank you partially, no less than, to a well-designed and carried out habit control plan. It worries me to pay attention any person discourage canine house owners from the use of control gear and plans.

Of direction, that doesn’t imply we forego practicing altogether. There are many cases the place we arrange habit till we achieve practicing or editing habit, and there are occasions after we make a choice to arrange for the lifetime of the canine.

Management could have a top doable for failure, and whether or not we make a choice control as a long-term or simply momentary resolution will depend on two issues:

1. The chance of control failure
2. The penalties if control does fail

If the possibility of control failure is low and penalties are minor, then control generally is a sensible resolution. The upper each elements upward thrust, the extra vital it’s to paintings to alter your canine’s habit relatively than depending on a life-time of control.

Likelihood of Management Failure

There are numerous elements that decide chance of control failure in any given circumstance. These come with:

– Number of people within the family. The extra people, the larger the danger any person will slip up.

– Children within the family.

– Humans (grownup or kid) in the house who aren’t dedicated to the control plan, or worse, who intentionally search to subvert the control plan.

– Level of process in the house. The extra chaotic the surroundings, the larger the possibility of a control “oops.”

– Dog’s resolution. The extra continual and decided your canine is to triumph over control efforts, the much more likely he’s to be successful.

Consequences of Behavior Management Failure

If you’re managing a counter-surfer and control fails, in all probability you lose the peanut butter-and-jelly sandwich you left at the counter, or worse, the vacation Tofurkey. But if you’re managing a canine who doesn’t do properly with kids, it is advisable finally end up with a mauled kid – or worse.

Author Pat Miller, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KA, of Fairplay, Maryland, is WDJ’s Training Editor. Miller could also be the creator of many books on certain practicing. Her latest is, Beware of the Dog: Positive Solutions for Aggressive Behavior in Dogs.

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